Worm Farms for Beginning Gardeners

By Richard Godke

Worm Farms for Beginning Gardeners provides a quick and easy instructional video on how to start a worm farm for beginning gardeners. Why Raise Worms? You can turn food waste into an Eco-friendly, economical, organic fertilizer. The worm castings are superior over traditional compost because it includes living organisms like microbes, bacteria, fungi, and protozoans. This is what keeps garden soil alive so plants can thrive.

Worm Farms for Beginning Gardeners – Step By Step

1. Drill 125 ?-inch holes in top.
2. Fill tote halfway with torn cardboard and paper.
3. Add 1 cup of starter garden soil or compost from another worm farm.
4. Add about 1 gallon of water or enough to bring to about 60 to 90% moisture.
5. Let bedding rest for 3 to 5 days, undisturbed.
6. Place the tote in a location, out of the sun, with a consistent temperature,
between 59-86°F (15-30°C). The ideal temp is 77° F (25° C)
7. Add 1000 Red Wiggler worms covered by several thin layers of bedding.
8. Add new food waste covered by several thin layers of bedding.
9. Check the temperature and replenish worm food, bedding, and water
weekly.
10. Harvest the worm castings and apply to soil. Start a new worm group.

Fall Garden Soil Preparation Tips

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Fall Garden Soil Prep Tips

By Richard Godke

Fall is the best time to prepare your garden soil for next spring.  Soil is the most important factor in raising a successful garden.  There are five basic fall soil preparation components that you will need to explore to maximize soil fertility.  These components are: soil pH; soil structure; and the levels of  phosphorus and potassium, secondary and micro nutrients, and nitrogen.  New gardeners will not want to mess with soil preparation.  Purchasing bagged garden soil is simple and easy.  The bagged soil has been tested, nutrients added, and is properly mixed to give you what you need to get started.  I would recommend checking out http://homegardeningforbeginners.org/featured/bag-gardening-for-home-vegetables/ which explains a great way to easily grow vegetables right in the soil bags.

Fall Vegetable Garden Soil Test

Fall is the best time to annually test your soil so you can adjust the pH, phosphorus, and potassium.  Check with your County Extension Office http://npic.orst.edu/pest/countyext.htm for places to have your soil tested.  Many Extension Office test soil samples for pH levels for free.  Most offices can send samples to their affiliated university for pH, phosphorus, potassium and other tests for a fee.  This office recommends soil additives and application rates to correct any problems specific to your soil samples and soil in your area.   To take a soil sample get an equal slice of soil at least 8” deep for every 100 square feet.  Keep surface debris out of the sample.  Place the samples in a bucket with up to five other spade slices., mix all samples together well, and take about two cups out for each sample.  Record on the sample label your name, date and sample number.  Make a diagram map that shows where the sample came from.  Let the samples air dry to prevent soil fertility changes.  You can purchase a home test kit and meters that you can test for pH, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K).  I have not had very consistent results from these home tests.

Fall Garden Tips for pH

The pH is the most important single soil component.  pH is the scale is from 1 to 14 that measures the levels of acid or alkaline in the soil.  Most garden plants prefer the pH between 5.5 and 6.5.  Lime is used to raise the pH and sulfur is commonly used to lower the pH.  If the pH is too high or low it can tie up many needed plant nutrients.  It is important to make the recommended additions in the fall before deep tilling.  The soil pH is not mobile in the soil.  For example, if limestone is applied to the surface without tilling, pH will be very alkaline on the surface and very acid deep in the soil.  It takes time for the additives to change the pH of the soil so it is ideal to apply lime or sulfur in the fall.  The smaller the lime is ground up the quicker it will change the pH.  Soil pH is the most important component when preparing you fall garden and will correct most deficiencies of micronutrients.

Phosphorus and Potassium Suggestions for Fall Garden

Phosphorus and potassium are two macro-nutrients that are needed by plants in relatively large quantities.  A fall soil test is the best way to determine the level of these two elements.  These elements are not very mobile in the soil like the pH additives.  They need to be tilled into the soil at a depth of 8”.  Your Extension office can recommend the amounts of phosphorus P?O? and potassium K?O for you soil types.  Phosphorus deficiency results in slow growth and older leaves turn purple.  Potassium deficiency results in slow growth and leaf edges turn light green to yellow.  Fertilizer labels have 3 numbers, the N-P-K formula, for example: 10-5-15. These numbers represent 10% nitrogen, 5% phosphorus, and 15% potassium per bag. The remaining 70% consists of fillers.

Fall Garden Soil Structure Information

Soil structure refers mainly to the size of soil particles.  Soil has three size categories: clay –small, silt-medium, and sand-large.  Which is best?  Each size has advantages and disadvantages.    Clay for example will hold nutrients and moisture but it is so dense the plant has a hard time sending roots through the tight mass.  Sand has plenty of air pockets for the plant roots but does not hold nutrients, and the soil dries out quickly putting plants at a disadvantage when it is dry.  A combination of different sizes is the best.  Adding organic material to any of these soils is what I recommend.  Compost, coconut coir, large animal well-rotted manures and peat moss will provide needed plant nutrients, hold water and allow good air movement in the soil.  I had a garden with some of the best soil in the world that was 6 feet of top soil and I still had a big increase in yields as a result of adding compost.  Adding organic materials to your fall garden will help correct any problems you soil structure might be causing.

Fall Garden Plan for Secondary and Micro Nutrients

Secondary nutrients include: calcium, magnesium, sodium, and sulfur.  They are required in small quantities but are still essential for good plant growth.  Plant micronutrients are elements needed in even small amounts than the secondary groups for the plant to thrive.  They include manganese, boron, copper, iron, chlorine, molybdenum, and zinc.  Soils with high amounts of organic material and have a soil pH between 6 and 7 tend to have adequate amounts of these elements.  In most cases testing for micronutrients is not needed unless the plants are not productive.  To insure you have enough organic material spread 25 to 100 pounds of compost or partially decomposed manure per 100 square feet.

Nitrogen Advice for Fall Garden

Testing for nitrogen is not recommended.  Nitrogen is very mobile in the soil.  Excessive snow melt, rain and irrigation can move the available forms of nitrogen below the root zone.  For the most eco-friendly application of nitrogen, fertilize in small amounts and increase amounts when the plant is rapidly growing.  For example a corn plant uses the largest percent of total nitrogen between being knee high and tasseling.  Here is a good video on “Planting a Vegetable Garden for Spring” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gNOe0UogfY0&feature=youtu.be.  My rule of thumb is to fertilize with nitrogen when the plant loses its deep green color and the growth slows.  Too much nitrogen will cause green plant growth and suppress fruit formation.  Adding too much fertilizer is a problem many beginning gardeners make

Fall is an excellent time to prepare your garden for next spring.  Soil preparation requires soil testing and an adjustment period for the soil.  If pH additives and additional phosphorus and potassium are needed it all must be incorporated 8” deep to maximize the results.  Tilled in compost or animal manure in the fall helps build beneficial soil organisms (bacteria, fungi, and worms) during the winter months.  Here is some excellent information on “Fertilizing the Organic Garden” http://extension.unh.edu/resources/files/Resource000489_Rep511.pdf.  By understanding and preparing the soil you will maximize the production of your spring garden.  Many gardeners wait until a later convenient time and that results in this gardening task not getting done.  Start your spring garden with the proper fall garden soil preparation.

 

Worm Facts for Beginning Gardeners

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Worm Facts for Beginning Gardeners

By Richard Godke

Fall is a great time to start a simple family worm farm (vermicomposting) under your kitchen sink or cabinet. Trust me this will not stink up the house. Watch nature take food waste and turn it in to an ecofriendly, economic, organic fertilizer for your garden. Children love to see the transformation of food scraps to soil. Beginner gardeners can be very successful raising worms by understanding some basic worm facts dealing with; housing, bedding, and feeding. This natural recycling process depends on a balance of: water, carbon-nitrogen ratio, air, and live organisms. Check out this video if you want to learn the truly scientific worm facts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFGQR5ERaPQ. It is so easy to take kitchen scraps and turn it into organic fertilizers by following my “10 Most Important Worm Facts to Get You Started”.

1. Worm Facts – Red Wrigglers (Eisenia fetida/Andrei) perform well in a confined space.

Red Wrigglers love to spend their time close to the surface and only burrow down 12 inches. They are organic surface feeders that quickly reproduce and convert organic waste into nutrient rich organic soil. They tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions, eat up to 1 ½ times their own body weight a day and produce worm castings (poop) as much as 75% of their own body weight. You can purchase Red Wrigglers on the web or you may be able to purchase from a bait shop. Beginners should always start with at least 100 Red Wriggler worms.

2. Worm Facts – Worms need housing that is dark, quiet, and has a consistent temperature.

A non-opaque Rubbermaid® tub or tote makes a great home for your worm farm. This video shows you how to build a worm farm https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZX_JDkiwhOc&feature=youtu.be. A comfortable worm eats faster and converts more waste into worm castings (poop). Keep the box out of the direct sun. Sunlight could kill the worms since they love darkness. Worms like the same temperature as humans who are between 59-86° F or (15-30 °C) and 77° F (25° C) is ideal. Worms like it quiet. They do not like vibration and being moved around. Beginners should always keep the worm farm in a dark, quiet location, with a consistent temperature around 77° F (25° C).

3. Worm Facts – Worms need bedding high in carbon.

Corrugated cardboard and shredded fluffed up newspaper is very high in carbon. You can never have too much high carbon bedding. The worms will eventually eat the bedding because it is an organic carbon. High carbon bedding causes many beginners startup problems. I recommend laying a sheet of corrugated cardboard in the bottom of the tub to help absorb any execs water. Worms love to burrow in the tunnels. Red worms multiply quickly in this cardboard. Do not use bleached office paper, garden soil, potting soil, fresh green grass or paper board. Paper board is the single layer cardboard with a slick coating. Beginners should always use plenty of corrugated cardboard and shredded fluffed up newspaper as the worm farm bedding.

4. Worm Facts – Worms like to eat organic matter including fruits and vegetables.

Worms love to eat all kinds of organic matter: fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds and filters, tea bags and garden waste. Before feeding: age, chop, cook, or freeze the worm feed to help start the structural breakdown of the materials. Microbes, bacteria, fungi, and protozoans help to break down the worm feed. This speeds up the composting process. The amount you feed depends on how much the worms are eating. Inoculating the worm farm with decomposed worm castings from another farm will help jump start your worm farm. It is recommended that you feed the system with finely crushed egg shells to enhance the worm’s digestive system. Beginners should use only food items the worms like to eat.

5. Worm Facts – Worms do not like certain foods.

Worms do not like onions, peppers, citrus fruits, bones, oils, meat, dairy products, grease, fresh lawn grass, paper board, animal manures and urine, and foods high in protein, spices, and salt. Beginners should avoid using these items that worms do not like to eat.

6. Worm Facts – Worms easily die from too much ammonia gas.

Ammonia gas is produced in a worm farm when the carbon to nitrogen ratio is above 20:1. Bedding items that are high in carbon that I have not mentioned earlier include: paper egg cartons, peat moss, coco coir, toilet paper rolls, shredded brown paper, sawdust, wood chips, shavings, leaf mold, rotten straw or hay, coarse compost, and well-aged manure. The nitrogen source comes mainly from what the worms are fed in addition to the ideal food items already mentioned that should be used sparingly and should only be used by experienced worm farmers: fresh grass clippings, and large animal manures. Worms will survive better with excessive bedding rather than too much high nitrogen feed. Off-gassing of ammonia is a quick worm killer. Beginners should remember not to introduce to much nitrogen to your worm farm.

7. Worm Facts – Worms are sensitive to chemicals.

Worms are covered in slim that make it easy for deadly chemicals to enter their body. Introducing feed or bedding that has been exposed to chemical pesticide or disinfectants is a mistake some new worm farmers make. If you use chemicals in the garden or on your lawn make sure you do not introduce these chemical to your worms. Household cleaners should be used with caution around your worm farm. If you encounter insects do not spray with a bug killer. Using organic mechanical controls are much safer. Feed management, vinegar traps, and vacuum sweeper management can eliminated the problem over a period of time. Beginners should not use chemical around the worm farm.

8. Worm Facts – Worms perform best in bedding with a 60-90% moisture level.

Worms are made up of mostly water and they need water to facilitate gas exchange (breathing). Simply take a handful of bedding and give it a squeeze it to determine the moisture level. If water drips out it is too wet. Another way to describe the moisture level of the bedding, “it should feel like a well rung out sponge”. Too much water cuts down on the amount of airspace in the bedding. This results in anaerobic fermentation and creates ammonia gas and other chemical imbalances. Beginners should keep the worm farm moisture level between 60-90%.

9. Worm Facts – Worm need good ventilation.

Worms are tolerant of low oxygen levels. It still is important to provide plenty of ventilation for your worm farm. A rotten or sour smell indicates that more carbon based bedding and aeration is needed. Placing small holes on the top and high in the sides of the container will provide oxygen and ventilation venting away unwanted gasses like ammonia. Make sure the holes are small, about 1/8 inch, to limit light and so the worms do not sneak out. Some worm farmers like to use fabric covers over the worms. This allows for more air and moisture circulation but still keeps it dark. It is always a balancing act trying to keep the ideal moisture and adequate ventilation levels. Beginning gardeners should keep the worm farm well ventilated to prevent gas build up.

10. Worm Facts – Worm production must be thought of as a total ecosystem.

The worm farm concept is very simple. By understanding my “10 Most Important Worm Facts to Get You Started” you can solve most worm farming problems. If you do encounter additional problems you can revisit the natural ecosystem of water, carbon-nitrogen ratio, air, and living organisms. Beginners should keep the ecosystem balanced while solving the problem.

Worm composting is a perfect project for beginning vegetable gardeners. Know your worm facts and use the nature ecosystem to change food waste to an ecofriendly, economic, organic fertilizer for your garden. You can easily get started with very little investment by understanding how to deal with the main worm management categories of: worms, housing, bedding, and feeding. The natural ecosystem process makes a great educational study of the balance of: water, carbon-nitrogen ratio, air, and live organisms. To learn more about vermicomposting check out this great website http://www.redwormcomposting.com/. Bring your garden inside this fall. Start out easy if you follow my “10 Most Important Worm Facts to Get You Started”.

 

 

How to Compost Fall Leaves?

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How to Compost Leaves

By Richard Godke

“What do I do with all those leaves?”  Look at the beautiful fall leaves that pile up as future plant food.  People have been asking how to compost fall leaves.  Composting is a great way for beginner home gardeners to prepare for next year’s garden, save money, and help the environment.  Garden soil is the most important factor in the success of a garden.  Compost loosens the soil, provides slow release of nutrients, aids in soil drainage and aeration, and allows great water retention – saving on the water that you use.  Composting fall leaves is easy if you understand the science behind the process.  Rather than sending your leaves to the landfill consider composting them using these easy steps.
The composting process takes organic materials (previously alive things) and breaks them down into basic nutrient components that are easily absorbed by plants.  How to Compost Autumn Leaves is a great video to help you understand the basis.  Composting requires needs these components in the correct proportions to quickly complete the process: moisture, heat, composting organisms, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.  Nature does it all the time without the help of humans.  Proper management of the compost can greatly speed the process. You can produce leaf compost more quickly by looking for these four basic indicators in your compost pile: 1. temperature, 2. moisture, 3. odor, and 4. fluffiness (available air pockets).  Take the temperature with a thermometer.  Within days of building your compost pile the temp should rise until it reaches between 104-150°F (40-65°C).  Measure the moisture level, by squeezing a handful of compost, if water drips out it is too wet.  Too much water takes up the space needed by oxygen that feeds the aerobic bacteria.  A highly efficient compost pile should first smell like the materials the being composted – grass, leaves, or straw for example.  Later in the composting process it will smell like garden dirt or a fresh rain.  If the compost pile smells sour or rotten the materials are too wet or lacking more carbon-based material.  Knowing how to Compost fall leaves can quickly turn litter into black gold or compost.  Here are my 6 ways for a speedy leaf composting adventure.

How to compost using full sun

The quicker the sun heats up the compost pile the quicker the bacteria start growing and begin the composting process.  Autumn can have very cold temperatures.  Additional heat from the sun can jumpstart the process in the fall.  Once the bacteria begin growing, it will generate its own needed temperature.  A warm compost pile can be covered with snow and still produce plumes of steam.  Giving your compost pile a warm start can continue the process throughout the winter.  Knowing how to compost involves getting the temperature up to start the process.

How to compost using a mower and grinder

Flat leaves fall to the ground and stack up in layers cutting needed air pockets for the bacteria.  Mow over the leaves, rake, and then pile.  Or you can use a grass catcher bag on your mower and then pile.  The addition of the grass clippings in the mix will speed up the composting process.  Grass clipping have higher nitrogen content than leaves only.  The pulverized leaves should be dumped in layers onto the compost pile.  You can also use a machine made to grind up leaves and twigs.  Another way to chop up leaves is to place the leaves in a garbage can and plunge a string trimmer down into the can.  When using power tools always read and follow the safety instructions.  Breaking leaves down into smaller pieces will help stop leaf packing and speed up the composting process.  Leaf crushing may not be practical if you have lots of leaves.  Knowing how to compost involves air pockets in the pile.

How to compost using an additional nitrogen source

Nitrogen is needed to feed the aerobic bacteria that break down the leaves.  Low cost organic nitrogen sources include: fruit and vegetable kitchen scraps, lawn clippings and cattle, horse, poultry, and rabbit manures.  Avoid – meats, dairy products, fats, oils and cat and dog manures.  A non-organic nitrogen source could be commercial 10-10-10 fertilizer.  Most leaf compost piles will benefit from about ½ cup (118.29 Milliliters) per 1 ft. deep X 4 ft. X 4 ft. or (0.30480 M X 1.2192 M X 1.2192 M).  Adding extra nitrogen will greatly increase the decomposition rate of your leaves.  Any extra nutrients added will be available to your garden when the compost is applied.  Additional nitrogen sources will give your leaf compost a jump on the winter temperatures.  Knowing how to compost involves using the correct nitrogen ratio.

How to compost using layers of different materials?

Leaves tend to compact easily when they get wet.  It is important to layer the leaves with dampened garden soil, and a nitrogen source.  Do not use soil that has recently been treated with weed killer.  It could slow the compost process and kill the garden plants.  Damp soil has the useful bacteria that are needed to begin the composting process.  You can purchase commercial compost starter.  I have found that garden soil works just as well.  It is easier to first apply the dry soil, nitrogen source, and then dampen with a garden hose.  The ideal moisture content for compost is 40-60%.  In comparison, freshly mown grass has about 50% moisture. When compost is squeezed it should stick together.  It must be dry enough that a squeeze does not produce a drop of liquid.  Spraying the water on each layer will work the soil, bacteria, and nitrogen source down into the pile, speeding the process.

How to compost using the flat top method

A mound of dried leaves can seal the top of the compost pile causing the water to run off like shingles on a roof.  Some compost piles then stay completely dry in the middle.  The mound of leaves on the top caused the rain to run off.  When building a leaf compost pile it is important to make the top flat or slightly concave (dipped).  This causes the water to run into the middle of the pile carrying the soil, bacteria, and nitrogen down through the pile.  This will encourage an explosion of bacteria growth.  Knowing how to compost fall leaves involves getting moisture to the center of the pile.

How to compost by introducing oxygen

Hard and shiny leaves tend to easily compress together.  It is vital to turn the compost pile to introduce oxygen to the bacteria.  Several days after building a leaf compost pile the temperature increases.  The temp will then slowly decrease.  When the temperature significantly drops it is time to turn the pile.  Simply move the pile from one spot to another to introduce new air pockets.  This will also mix up the elements so each piece comes in contact with the moisture, bacteria and nitrogen.  Turning the compost pile is kind of like kneading bread dough.  It causes the pile temperature to increase again.  Repeat these turning process until the materials are broken down and the temp does not increase.  At this stage, the shape of the original material is not recognizable.  A great way to speed the process is to use a rotating compost barrel that allows you to easily turn the compost, usually several times a week.  It is surprising how much the additional aeration will speed the process.

Your fallen leaves can be made into a valuable environmentally friendly garden accelerator.  If you want a successful garden it starts with organically rich soil.  The best way to get high quality, low cost, and environmentally friendly soil additive is to compost your own leaves.  By following my 6 steps To Speedy Leaf Composting you can possibly produce a batch of completed fall leaf compost in three months.  How to compost and why are covered on a great web page Composting at Home Introduction to Composting.  If the compost is not properly managed it could take from 6 to 12 months.  To maximize the composting process it is important to understand the 4 basic compost pile signals: 1. temperature, 2. moisture, 3. odor, and 4. fluffiness (available air pockets).  By understanding the composting process and how the elements work together your process time will greatly be reduced.  As you manage your compost pile I encourage you to experiment with different combinations of: moisture, heat, organisms, carbon based organic material, nitrogen and oxygen.  Composting is another way beginner gardeners can enjoy the beautiful leaves in the fall..

Organic Gardening Tips For Everyone

Trying to decide on the right type of chemicals that are safe to use in your garden can really be a chore. If you are starting a garden for the purpose of growing your own food, then you may want to look into organic gardening. Organic gardening doesn’t involve the use of any sort of chemicals, and it’s all natural approach can keep anything harmful from entering your body. It will put your mind at ease to know that everything that you and your family will eat from your garden will be completely healthy and without any sort of health risk attached. Just that simple fact alone will make your gardening a much happier and more satisfying experience.

Determining where your garden will be is a good place to start you on your organic gardening journey. You will need to choose an area that receives an ample amount of sunlight. This may not be the exact area you had in mind when you envisioned your garden, but this choice will greatly influence the outcome of whatever you plant in it.

As you begin to prepare the soil, remember to check any labels of products you may use to ensure that they are in fact organic and do not contain any type of chemicals.

Now that you have planted your seeds and your plants have begun to grow, the next problem that you will face in organic gardening is just right around the corner in the form of the many different insects that prey upon the plants in your garden. Dealing with these types of problems may be the number one deterrent to growing organically because of the frustration that can arise from trying to rid yourself of the problem. Obviously you will not want to consider any type of chemical based pesticides to eliminate the problem, so what can you do?

The answer may not come in the form of a spray, but instead you may be able to solve the problem by simply growing something else alongside your plants.

There are many different types of plants that repel the various types of insect problems you will run into, so perhaps the best approach is to research what insects will be a problem for what it is you are growing and then find out what you can grow around your plants that will keep them away without ever having to turn to any chemicals for a solution.

Choosing organic gardening will bring you a great deal of joy, especially when you finally get to enjoy the fruits (and veggies) of your labor!

To read about more organic gardening tips and keep up to date with the latest news about organic vegetable gardening tips visit our main gardening site and enjoy.

Top Ten Organic Gardening Tips

Organic gardening grows more and more popular each day, and for good reason. Organic gardeners avoid the use of synthetic chemicals to keep their yards healthy and hazard-free. The methods of keeping plants growing vigorously without the heavy reliance on environmentally unfriendly sprays are the true success of organic gardens. The most important aspect of organic gardening? Soil.

As the life force of the garden, soil enriched with organic matter becomes moist, airy, and fertile–ideal for healthy plants. It also nourishes beneficial organisms and bacteria and supports fungi that optimize growing conditions. Prevention is also the watchword of organic gardeners. Plants can thrive if they are given the right amount of sun, suitable soil, proper spacing, and ideal planting.

Here are a few tips that will help you keep your organic garden thriving and healthy.

1. Maintain a good compost pile. The nutrients derived from your composting provide everything your soil needs to sustain the garden. Start the compost pile on a bed of branched sticks that will allow air to rise. Add a perforated pipe (PVC works well) in the center and build layers of old leaves, grass clippings, and other garden leftovers around it. The air will flow through the pipe into the pile. If you cannot use the finished compost for a while, cover the pile with a tarp to trap the nutrients in the compost.

2. Be mindful of the length of the growing season. The longer the growing season, the more compost is needed in the soil. A longer growing season requires more nutrients and organic matter in the soil.

3. Try companion planting. Some plants replenish nutrients lost by another plant, and some combinations can effectively keep pests away.

Consult your local garden center for advice pertinent to your area.

4. Water in the morning. Doing so will help you avoid powdery mildew and other fungal diseases that are often spread by high humidity.

5. Give new beds that extra kick with plenty of compost, soil amendments, and double digging.

6. Keep dirt off lettuce and cabbage leaves when growing by spreading a 1 to 2 inch layer of mulch (untreated by pesticides or fertilizers) around each plant. This also helps keep the weeds down.

7. Recycle your soda bottles, milk jugs, and other plastic containers as great mini-covers to place over your plants and protect them from frost.

8. A garden soil that has been well mulched and amended periodically requires only about a 1-inch layer of compost yearly to maintain its quality.

9. Diatomaceous earth is an abrasive white powder used to damage the cuticle, skin, and joints of insects, and it makes an excellent organic insecticide. It also makes an excellent slug barrier.

10. Rotate your crops each year to help reduce pest and disease problems, as well as to correct nutrient deficiencies and excesses.

Plant World Nursery (http://www.plantworldstgeorge.com) has all the tools and information you need for organic gardening in Utah Rachel Spohn is a freelance author.

New Gardening Tips for Organic Gardening

Several house gardeners are established to eat only natural generate, and that is the primary explanation why they grow their own crops. This ensures that they are pesticide totally free and condition cost-free due to the fact they are the only one particular who at any time contact the produce.

Gardening guidelines for a productive garden

One particular of the very best guidelines that gardeners can stick to is to use aquaponics as a method of organic gardening. This strategy is a combination of hydroponics and aquacultural fish farming, and it utilizes the organic methods that exist among vegetation and animals. This is done by adding fish waste products to the liquid remedy that is utilized to develop the vegetation. The vegetation use the vitamins and minerals that they want in the water solution and then purify it to assist the fish stay balanced. It is attainable to learn about this method at aquaponics4you.com, wherever you can discover resources that will help you find out how to use this groundbreaking approach in your personal residence or lawn.

It is simple to do, and it operates. The coaching at aquaponics4you.com will support you understand all about this approach of expanding vegetation with their aquaponics gardening tips.

Advantages of utilizing this program

Aquaponics provides numerous benefits to gardeners, such as the reality that the program calls for only a little sum of servicing for it to operate correctly. Crop density is increased and vegetation improve much faster than they would in soil. In addition, there are a lot more vegetation that grow large yields of fruits and greens, these kinds of as tomatoes. There is no want to weed your yard, no pesticides are needed, and there is no tilling needed possibly. The only essential aspects of this technique that need to be monitored are the drinking water amount and the quality of the water answer. It wants to be loaded in vitamins so that the vegetation and fish proceed to improve and keep balanced. Rising the yield of crops making use of this method is simple to do, not like classic farming when the farmer attempts to grow more crops from the same tiny piece of land. Aquaponics has the ability to improve the density of crops by 300 to 400 percent.

Aquaponics is so mutually advantageous to each the fish and the plants, and it takes place virtually immediately. When fish are placed into the h2o solution in which the vegetation are increasing, their squander helps the plants improve to be denser. In return, the denser vegetation give a lot more foods for the fish which then grow larger and produce a lot more youthful fish. They also make much more fertilizer for the h2o.

Locating the necessary resources

On-line searching is the best way to find the materials that you need to have for aquaponics. You can locate materials created all around the world with just a click on. In addition, the aquaponics4you.com classes that can be accessed by way of myreviewsnow means that you will be farming by utilizing this method ahead of extended. As critiques on myreviewsnow have pointed out, individuals who have taken education to understand this method do much greater with the method and have far better production in their gardens. After completing the lessons on this unique and remarkable way of gardening, you will know exactly which merchandise you want to purchase for your yard.

In addition, anybody using the course also gets valuable literature that can boost your expertise about gardening. The titles of publications that are supplied are “Herbs for Wellness and Property,” “Organic Gardening for Novices,” “Worm Farming,” “A Information to Flower Gardening,” “Guide to Natural Cooking,” and “Eating Healthful.”The coaching class at aquaponics4you at myreviewsnow, exactly where you will understand advanced gardening guidelines, is supplied for only $ 37.00.

Find out much more about this exceptional approach of developing plants. Study the evaluations and find out more information at gardening suggestions.

Intensive Organic Gardening in Your Home Garden

Intensive gardening is practically nothing new. It is a technique that has been about for hundreds of years and is even now practiced in many components of the world. The near spacing of vegetation, maintaining a fertile soil, crop rotation and succession planting merged together is what sets this method of gardening in a course of it is personal, alongside with apart from the conventional row method.

Raised beds are the best when incorporating these techniques of gardening jointly. The planning of a raised mattress by digging, along with incorporating natural soil amendments to the present soil just before constructing your garden beds will greatly boost the soils framework. Double digging, including amendments and mounding your backyard garden beds earlier mentioned the existing ground will enhance the soils aeration, drainage, moisture retention and tilth to permit for deep root penetration. Mounding of the soil also permits for additional area to be planted above a flat surface area.

A fertile, properly well balanced, organic wealthy soil is extremely essential with this method of gardening.

The bulk of the organic amendment to the soil getting compost. Minerals like greensand and rock phosphates are also quite useful. Green manure crops planted and turned into the soil will also assist give vitamins and minerals necessary when planting crops at a close spacing along with bettering the soils framework by including natural make any difference.

In the classic row approach of gardening only one/3 of the complete gardens space is planted, in comparison to a lot more than 3/4 when intensive gardening procedures are utilised. Planting at a nearer spacing typically is accomplished by staggering the vegetation, permitting for much more vegetation for every square foot. Watchful arranging is necessary to be accomplished with this approach, using into consideration each and every crops behavior, measurement at maturity, root distribute, diet consumption and h2o behaviors.

Succession planting is is really crucial to get the most out of your increasing period. This is simply carried out by speedily replanting to fill the spaces of crops that have been harvested. With a minor basic planning, this can be accomplished by rotating awesome and warm climate crops. The moment you start your garden in the spring with your awesome local weather crops and they are harvested, you can replant those areas with crops that will do effectively in the hotter weather months. Following the warm clime crops have been harvested, you can replant with another crop that likes the cooler temperatures and harvest them in the fall. Timing is really crucial with succession planting to get the most out of your increasing season.

Another excellent benefit to this method of gardening is companion planting. Very carefully planning demands to be carried out when employing this strategy, like nutrients being replenished back into the gardens soil. Various crops contact for diverse nutrient requirements. Planting the same crop over and in excess of in the identical spot will do no gain to your garden and only deplete the nutrients from the soil. Rotate nitrogen-correcting legumes like peas with crops that need to have nitrogen, this sort of as corn, lettuce or tomatoes.

Intensive gardening is a technique that is highly productive with a small mindful organizing.

A setting friendly and wholesome way of gardening. Natural Gardening is away of gardening in harmony with nature. Increasing a wholesome and productive crop in a way that is healthier for the two you and the setting.

Organic Home Gardening

Organic home gardening has continue to attract new supporters. In today’s modern way of life men and women don’t know how the Vegetables and fruits are grown, some of the fruits and greens occur for far distant lands Mexico to Africa, where the environment is ideal to have good yielding in the farms, vivid sunny times with heaps of fresh h2o enables trees to expand quicker and produce large top quality of organic and natural make which we use everyday in our existence.

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Organic Home Gardening

Good deal of men and women are cultivating modest Vegetable Garden to pick fresh new make grown by hand with no using any modern farm machinery and there is no use of chemical compounds and fertilizers, this type of farming is choosing up in Netherlands a good deal, individuals like to develop basic fresh herbs and veggies which can be employed in every day cooking. You can also get organically grown produce at local farmers markets .

In contrast to colorful flower yard that exists for aesthetic function, a vegetable backyard generally consists of a compost heap of many little plots wherever you can develop one or two varieties of plant selection, this loved ones garden principle is from world war II period, in which people had modest backyard at back again yards of each and every property which ended up known as as Victory Yard which presented veggies to households and freed up resources for the army.

With the elevated curiosity in natural and organic foodstuff and sustainable green dwelling, a lot of people are turning to organic vegetable gardening or as alternative to their household diet plan, house grown greens and fruits uses up minor methods in contrast to modern day farming where the farm equipment uses lot of fuel. And the greatest point is you help save on delivery expense, as you just have to go and choose fresh for every day usage.

Organic Home Gardening for the Purest

Sustainable residing is selecting up in a number of elements of the globe, individuals steer clear of food items which are delivered from far of international locations as the fuel to ship these makes add lot of pollution to our atmosphere, one more gain of Organic home gardening is you don’t use any energy equipment and you have to do the gardening standard way utilizing hand tools, this is an exercising which will help you to be suit and wholesome. There are also consultants accessible who aid you to setup your residence backyard garden and give you assistance as nicely.

For more information on organic home gardening go to:http://www.organichomegardener.com/Recommended+Sites/ .